Design of Rockets and Space Launch Vehicles
Don Edberg,Willie Costa|2020.08.21
Interest is growing in space activity, and many new launchers are in development. Design of Rockets and Space Launch Vehicles is a timely and comprehensive expose of important concepts and applications. It provides enhanced understanding and exposure to practical aspects of design, engineering, manufacturing, and testing. The subject is mature, but the applications are changing and a new generation of engineers and designers are joining the aerospace industry. Although it is primarily intended for readers with at least a 3rd-year level knowledge of aerospace engineering, mathematics, and physics, because it contains many applications and step-by-step illustrated examples along with photographs or line drawings of actual hardware, it will also be of interest to practicing engineers, technical managers, and others who are interested in how rockets work in either the big picture sense, or in areas other than one's specialty. This book will answer many questions as to why things are done this way.
This extensive book begins with Chapter 1 introducing the need for launch vehicles (LVs) and a brief description of their anatomy, operation, and business case, followed by Chapter 2 providing a detailed technical history of LVs. Next comes Chapter 3, examining the performance of solid, liquid, and hybrid propulsion systems, followed by Chapters 4 and 5 that define the relationship of mission requirements to required performance, and performance estimation including staging and loss calculation. Chapter 6 provides the equations of motion necessary to carry out trajectory simulations, along with instructions for a spreadsheet-based simulation. Chapter 7 is filled with actual examples of structures, materials, and possible LV layouts. The subsequent chapters then detail the actual process of vehicle design in a step-by-step method. Chapter 8 introduces tank and vehicle sizing, Level 1 layout, and mass properties. Chapter 9 discusses aerodynamics and loads estimation, and calculates a Saturn V s wind loads both on the pad and during maximum dynamic pressure as examples. Chapter 10 demonstrates stress calculations related to static and dynamic loads, internal pressurization, and elastic stability, leading to Level 2 structural design. Chapter 11 exposes issues of vibration, shock, acoustics, and thermal environments. Then, Chapter 12 provides methods to assess vehicle stability and control, as well as flexible body effects and structural and propulsion instabilities. Subsequently, example-filled Chapters 13 and 14 detail manufacturing processes for both metallic and composite structures along with details on LV systems such as propellant delivery and conditioning, power, control, telemetry, and launch pad facilities. Chapters 15 and 16 provide dramatic examples of failures and lessons learned along with reliability and range safety. The book concludes with Chapter 17 introducing cost estimation. These topics are laid out in a logical order so as to follow a typical path through a design effort.