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    Rss and Atom

    Wittenbrink, Heinz|2005.08.05

    Introduction 1(4) 
    What are Newsfeeds? 5(34) 
    Scenario 1: Weblogs 5(1) 
    Scenario 2: Publishing of Metadata 5(1) 
    Scenario 3: Aggregating and Archiving of Newsfeeds 5(1) 
    Scenario 4: Asynchronous Broadcasting 6(1) 
    Content and Metadata 6(1) 
    When Do We Talk about Syndication? 6(1) 
    Applications 7(1) 
    Aggregators 7(1) 
    Newsreader 7(1) 
    Feed-Based Services 8(1) 
    Collaborative Filtering with RSS 8(1) 
    Publication of Geocoded Information 9(1) 
    Feed Combinations as Website Metaphors 9(1) 
    RSS Requirements 9(5) 
    Advantages of a Standardized Syndication Format for Users and Providers 10(1) 
    Requirements of a Standard Format 11(1) 
    Functional Requirement: Finding Updated Information 12(1) 
    Functional Requirement: Presentation of Information 12(1) 
    Functional Requirement: Exchange and Processing 12(1) 
    Functional Requirement: Publishing and Editing of Information 13(1) 
    Functional Requirement: Extracting and Processing Metadata 13(1) 
    Functional Requirement: Extensibility 13(1) 
    Formal Requirement: Integration in the Architecture of the Web 13(1) 
    Semantics: The RSS Model 14(6) 
    Independence of Topics and Original Formats 15(1) 
    Minimal Information 15(1) 
    Structure: channel and item or feed and entry 15(1) 
    Description: title---link---description 16(1) 
    Presentation of Newsfeeds in Feed Readers and Aggregators 17(2) 
    Other Content and Metadata 19(1) 
    Content: Quotations and Pointers 19(1) 
    Metadata in Syndication Formats 20(1) 
    RSS as a Publication and Syndication Format 20(1) 
    Syntax: RSS as an XML Format 20(3) 
    Standardization and Openness of XML 20(1) 
    Separation of Content and Presentation in XML 21(1) 
    Semantic Distinctions 21(1) 
    Transformability 22(1) 
    Ability to be Validated 22(1) 
    Internationalization 22(1) 
    Extensibility and Namespaces 22(1) 
    Feed Formats and other XML Formats 23(1) 
    Syndication Formats are not News Formats 23(1) 
    Distinction of Message Formats 24(1) 
    The Versions of RSS and Atom: Their Evolution and the Future 24(15) 
    The Beginnings: MCF, Scripting News, and CDF 29(1) 
    Meta Content Format and Channel Definition Format 30(1) 
    UserLand's Scripting News Format 30(1) 
    RSS 0.9 31(1) 
    RSS 0.91 32(1) 
    RSS 1.0 32(1) 
    RSS 0.92 33(1) 
    RSS 0.93 33(1) 
    RSS 2.0 33(1) 
    From a Syndication to a Publication Format: Atom, the New Alternative 34(1) 
    Which Format for Which Purpose? 35(4) 
    Really Simple Syndication: RSS 2.0 and Its Predecessors 39(42) 
    Overview 39(3) 
    RSS 2.0: Lowest Common Denominator of the Feed Formats 39(1) 
    Important New Developments: Podcasting and Further Extensions 40(1) 
    Design Principles 40(1) 
    Primary Syndication Format 40(1) 
    Simplicity 40(1) 
    ``Literary XML'' 41(1) 
    Flat Document Structure 41(1) 
    Easy Extensibility 41(1) 
    Simplicity of the Specification 41(1) 
    Backward Compatibility 42(1) 
    Frozen Specification 42(1) 
    The RSS 2.0 Vocabulary 42(10) 
    Basic Structure of an RSS 2.0 Document 44(2) 
    XML Declaration and Specification of the RSS Version: Definition of the Language 46(1) 
    The rss Element (Document Element) 46(1) 
    The Structure of an RSS 2.0 Document Through the channel and item Elements 46(1) 
    The item Element 47(1) 
    Basic Information of an RSS 2.0 Document: title, link, and description 47(2) 
    The link Element 49(1) 
    Link as Sub-Element of channel and of item 49(1) 
    Text or HTML as the Content of title and description 49(1) 
    HTML as Content of RSS is Illegal 49(1) 
    Escaping Markup 50(2) 
    ``Escaped Markup Considered Harmful'' (Norman Walsh) 52(1) 
    RSS 2.0 Elements for Rich Metadata 52(9) 
    Definition of Date Formats in RSS 2.0 53(1) 
    Dates: Time Specifications and Updating 53(1) 
    The Date Format of RSS 2.0 54(1) 
    How are Dates Created According to RFC 822? 54(1) 
    The pubDate Element 54(1) 
    The lastBuildDate Element (Sub-Element of channel) 55(1) 
    Generated Time Information 55(1) 
    Specification of Persons and Authors 55(1) 
    The copyright Element 56(1) 
    The managing Editor Element 56(1) 
    Writer Specification with the author Element 56(1) 
    Identification and Description of the Content 56(1) 
    The guid Element 56(1) 
    The rating Element 57(1) 
    Categorization with the category Element 57(1) 
    Source Information with the source Element 57(1) 
    Technology 58(1) 
    The docs Element 58(1) 
    The generator Element 58(1) 
    The webMaster Element 59(1) 
    Internationalization 59(1) 
    The language Element 59(1) 
    Elements for the Support of Publication and Subscription Tools 59(1) 
    The comments Element 59(1) 
    Characterization of a Feed with an Image: The image Element 59(1) 
    Support for the Functions of Aggregators: cloud, ttl, textInput, skipHours and hour, skipDay, and day 60(1) 
    Adding Multimedia Data with enclosure 61(1) 
    BitTorrent via RSS 62(1) 
    Broadcatching 62(1) 
    An Alternative to enclosure 62(1) 
    The Predecessors of RSS 2.0 62(3) 
    RSS 0.91 63(1) 
    RSS 0.92 64(1) 
    RSS 0.93 and 0.94 64(1) 
    Differences Between RSS 2.0 and the Earlier Versions 64(1) 
    Extension Modules 65(14) 
    Open Questions Concerning Extensibility 65(1) 
    All Non-RSS Elements Belong in a Namespace 66(1) 
    No Namespace for the RSS Elements Themselves 66(1) 
    Risks for the Structure 66(1) 
    In Regards to Extensions, Less is More 67(1) 
    The blogChannel Module 67(1) 
    The Elements of the blogChannel Module 67(1) 
    The BitTorrent Module 68(1) 
    The creativeCommons Module 69(1) 
    The Easy News Topics Module 69(1) 
    The Elements of the Easy News Topics Module 69(2) 
    The OpenSearch Module from Amazon 71(2) 
    The Elements of the OpenSearch Module 73(1) 
    The RSS Media Module from Yahoo! 74(1) 
    The Elements of the RSS Media Module 75(2) 
    Microsofts Simple List Extensions 77(1) 
    The Simple Semantic Resolution Module: RSS 2.0 as RDF 78(1) 
    Aggregation of Feeds and OPML 79(2) 
    Approach in RSS 2.0: Outline Processing Markup Language OPML 80(1) 
    Approach in RSS 1.0: mod_aggregation 80(1) 
    Approach in Atom: Inclusion of Metadata of the Original Feeds in the Entry 80(1) 
    RSS for the Semantic Web: RSS 1.0 and RSS 1.1 81(36) 
    Modularization 81(1) 
    Use of the Resource Description Format 82(1) 
    RDF Basics 83(6) 
    The Triple as an Information Model 84(1) 
    Identification through URIs 84(1) 
    RDF Models Information as Graphs 85(1) 
    RDF Notation in XML 86(1) 
    Mapping of RDF Graphs on XML Trees 87(1) 
    The W3C RDF Validator 88(1) 
    Preview: More Complex RDF Graphs 88(1) 
    The Basic Structure of an RSS 1.0 Document 89(8) 
    Namespaces 90(1) 
    The Structure of the Document as a Consequence of the RDF Model 90(2) 
    RSS as Representation of Knowledge 92(2) 
    The Relationships Between channel, items, and item 94(3) 
    The Core Vocabulary of RSS 1.0 97(5) 
    Structure 97(1) 
    The rdf:RDF Element 98(1) 
    The rss:channel Element 99(1) 
    The rss:items Element 99(1) 
    The rdf:Seq Element 100(1) 
    The rdf:li Element 100(1) 
    The rss:image Element 100(1) 
    The rss:textinput Element 101(1) 
    The rss:item Element 101(1) 
    Descriptive Elements 101(1) 
    The rss:link Element 101(1) 
    The rss:title Element 102(1) 
    The rss:description Element 102(1) 
    Modules for Metadata 102(3) 
    Namespace-Based Modularization 104(1) 
    Specification Documents 104(1) 
    RDF Compatibility of Extensions 105(1) 
    RSS 1.0 Modules 105(7) 
    Dublin Core 105(2) 
    The dc:title Element 107(1) 
    The dc:creator Element 108(1) 
    The dc:subject Element 108(1) 
    The dc:description Element 108(1) 
    The dc:publisher Element 108(1) 
    The dc:contributor Element 108(1) 
    The dc:date Element 108(1) 
    The dc:type Element 109(1) 
    The dc:format Element 109(1) 
    The dc:identifier Element 109(1) 
    The dc:source Element 109(1) 
    The dc:language Element 109(1) 
    The dc:relation Element 109(1) 
    The dc:coverage Element 109(1) 
    The dc:rights Element 110(1) 
    Syndication Modules 110(1) 
    The sy:updatePeriod Element 110(1) 
    The sy:updateFrequency Element 110(1) 
    The sy:updateBase Element 110(1) 
    Content Module 110(1) 
    The content:items Element 110(1) 
    The content:item Element 111(1) 
    The content:format Element 111(1) 
    The rdf:value Element 111(1) 
    The content:encoding Element 111(1) 
    The content:encoded Element 112(1) 
    Suggested Modules 112(1) 
    RSS 1.1 112(5) 
    Channel as Root Element 115(1) 
    The rss:title Element 115(1) 
    The rss:description Element 115(1) 
    The rss:items Element 115(1) 
    The rss:item Element 116(1) 
    The rss:link Element 116(1) 
    Atom 117(34) 
    Overview 117(3) 
    Further Development? Or Alternative to RSS? 117(1) 
    Starting Points for the Development of Atom 118(1) 
    Standardizing Procedures and Specifications 118(1) 
    Sources of Information 119(1) 
    Differences Between Atom and the other Feed Formats 119(1) 
    Extended Functionality 120(1) 
    The Structure of an Atom Feed 120(20) 
    Overview: Atom Elements 120(2) 
    The Basic Structure of an Atom Document 122(1) 
    The Atom Namespace and the xml:lang Attribute 123(1) 
    Text, Person, and Date Constructs 123(1) 
    Feed and entry as Structuring Elements 124(2) 
    Content as a ``First-Class Citizen'' 126(1) 
    Text in Atom Elements---HTML, XHTML, or Plain Text 126(3) 
    The atom:content Element---A Container for Content 129(1) 
    Embedded or Linked Content 130(1) 
    The atom:content and atom:summary Elements 130(1) 
    Text Content 1: Plain Text, HTML, and XHTML 131(1) 
    Text Content 2: Other Text Types and XML 131(2) 
    Binary Content 133(1) 
    The Use of Links in Atom 134(1) 
    The Structure of an Atom Link 135(1) 
    atom:link as a Descendant of atom:feed 136(1) 
    Feed Autodiscovery in Atom 136(1) 
    Other Metadata 137(1) 
    Feed Characterization with atom:subtitle, atom:icon, and atom:image 137(1) 
    atom:author and atom:contributor 137(1) 
    Identification with atom:id 138(1) 
    Copyright Specification with atom:copyright 138(1) 
    Publication Dates with atom:updated and atom:published 138(1) 
    Metadata about Sources: atom:source 139(1) 
    Classification of Content with atom:category 139(1) 
    Identification of the Creator Software with atom:generator 139(1) 
    Extensibility 140(1) 
    Publishing with the Atom Publishing Protocol 140(11) 
    Design Principles 141(1) 
    Interaction via HTTP 142(1) 
    Members, Collections, and Workspaces 143(1) 
    The Publication Service as URI Space 143(2) 
    Entry Documents and Publishing Extensions 145(1) 
    Functions of the Atom APIs 145(1) 
    Finding Entries 145(1) 
    Processing Entries 145(1) 
    Processing a Group of Entries by Using the FeedURI 145(1) 
    Posting of other Data with ResourcePostURI 145(1) 
    Format of Documents in the Communication Between Client and Server 146(1) 
    How to Support Specific Functionality of Publishing Systems? 146(2) 
    Security Aspects 148(1) 
    Communication through SOAP 148(1) 
    Extensions of the Publishing Protocol 149(2) 
    Appendix A 151(106) 
    Reference: XML Namespaces 151(4) 
    Globally Clear Identifier 152(1) 
    Avoiding Name Conflicts 152(3) 
    Outline Processor Markup Language 155(2) 
    Overview: RSS 2.0 Elements 157(25) 
    The rss Element 157(1) 
    The channel Element 158(1) 
    The title Element 159(1) 
    The item Element 160(1) 
    The link Element 161(1) 
    The description Element 162(1) 
    The language Element 163(1) 
    The copyright Element 164(1) 
    The managingEditor Element 165(1) 
    The webMaster Element 166(1) 
    The pubDate Element 167(1) 
    The lastBuildDate Element 168(1) 
    The category Element 169(1) 
    The generator Element 170(1) 
    The docs Element 171(1) 
    The cloud Element 171(2) 
    The ttl Element 173(1) 
    The image Element 174(1) 
    The rating Element 174(1) 
    The textInput Element 175(1) 
    The skipHours and hour Elements 176(1) 
    The skipDays and day Elements 177(1) 
    The author Element 178(1) 
    The comments Element 179(1) 
    The enclosure Element 179(1) 
    The guid Element 180(1) 
    The source Element 181(1) 
    Overview: RSS 1.0 Elements 182(11) 
    Preliminary Notes 182(1) 
    rdf:RDF 183(1) 
    rdf:li 184(1) 
    rdf:Seq 185(1) 
    rdf:channel 186(1) 
    rdf:item 187(1) 
    rdf:items 188(1) 
    rdf:title 189(1) 
    rdf:link 190(1) 
    rdf:description 191(1) 
    rdf:url 191(1) 
    rdf:image 192(1) 
    RSS 1.0 Modules 193(33) 
    mod_admin 194(1) 
    mod_aggregation 194(1) 
    mod_annotation 195(1) 
    mod_audio 195(2) 
    mod_cc 197(1) 
    mod_changedpage 198(1) 
    mod_company 199(1) 
    mod_context 200(1) 
    mod_dcterms 200(4) 
    mod_email 204(2) 
    mod_event 206(1) 
    mod_link 207(1) 
    mod_prism 208(8) 
    mod_richequiv 216(1) 
    mod_rss091 216(2) 
    mod_search 218(1) 
    mod_servicestatus 219(1) 
    mod_slash 220(1) 
    mod_streaming 221(2) 
    mod_subscription 223(1) 
    mod_taxonomy 224(1) 
    mod_threading 225(1) 
    mod_wiki 225(1) 
    Overview: RSS 1.1 Elements 226(9) 
    rss:Channel 226(1) 
    rss:title 227(1) 
    rss:link 228(1) 
    rss:description 229(1) 
    rss:image 230(1) 
    rss:url 231(1) 
    rss:items 232(1) 
    rss:item 233(1) 
    Any 234(1) 
    Overview: Atom Elements 235(21) 
    Atom Standard Attributes 235(1) 
    Atom Text Construct 235(1) 
    Atom Person Construct 235(1) 
    Atom Date Construct 235(1) 
    atom:author 236(1) 
    atom:category 237(1) 
    atom:content 238(1) 
    atom:contributor 239(1) 
    atom:rights 240(1) 
    atom:email 241(1) 
    atom:entry 241(2) 
    atom:feed 243(1) 
    atom:generator 244(1) 
    atom:icon 245(1) 
    atom:id 246(1) 
    atom:logo 247(1) 
    atom:link 247(2) 
    atom:name 249(1) 
    atom:published 250(1) 
    atom:subtitle 250(1) 
    atom:source 251(1) 
    atom:summary 252(1) 
    atom:title 253(1) 
    atom:uri 254(1) 
    atom:updated 255(1) 
    Bibliography 256(1) 
    Index 257

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